Mr. Humphrey T. Mokaya,
Director, Security Management Institute
The global community faces diverse security challenges whose severity impacts negatively on peace and sustainable development.
Globalization, geopolitical shifts, instability, and growing access to technological and economic resources have raised the world’s vulnerabilities to new levels, the most stable of societies included. This diversification of threats and actors is generating new challenges to societies globally.
As populations grow and economies expand, there is a drain on natural resources causing environmental degradation and an increase in social tensions, triggering violent contestations, and civil unrest. Moreover, where political, environmental, and economic conditions worsen, it is likely that migrations will increase resulting in new conflicts.
The nature of security threats in Africa has broadly changed. Insecurity is in certain regions of the continent, gradually driven by the re-occurrence of conflicts rather than by the emergence of “new” forms.
The East African sub-region, where Kenya is located, has not escaped the bane of insecurity. Most of the countries in the region continue to face insidious security challenges and protracted conflicts. From the prolonged conflicts in South Sudan, the political instability in Burundi, state failure in Somalia, the sub-region has epitomized high levels of human insecurity and seems to consistently transition from one security threat to another.
In recent times, the country has faced an incessant spate of terrorist attacks. In the quest to make a proactive response to these complex local and regional security threats, the Kenya School of Government (KSG) has established the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), to undertake research, training and advisory services on diverse security-related concerns with a view to strengthening the capacity of national and regional security stakeholders; provide a platform for discourse on ideas, insights and experiences that will culminate ineffective responses and interventions to current and emergent insecurity challenges.