Climate change (CC) is considered as one of the most serious threats to sustainable development globally. It is estimated that 90% of all-natural disasters afflicting the world are related to severe weather and extreme climatic changes. It is expected that Climate change will affect a wide range of sectors such as the environment, human health, food security, natural resources, and physical infrastructure. For instance, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007) projected that millions of people worldwide will be exposed to increased water stress and there will be compromised access to food in many African countries. Populations from developing nations are reported to be the most affected with the effects of climate change especially those in Africa due to their over-reliance on natural resources which are susceptible to the impacts of climate change to sustain their livelihoods.
Kenya is already feeling the effects of Climate change because of overreliance on the natural resources related economy. Manifestations of this are in forms of erratic rainfall patterns, extreme droughts above the normal ranges fire unprecedented floods pests and diseases change in the vegetation types among others, which impact livelihoods negatively.
With the efforts to mainstream climate change action plans into the country’s development agenda, building the capacity of actors especially those in the public service must be enhanced to ensure effective implementation of adaptation plans at various sectors in both county and national governments.
Objectives of the Climate Change Unit
The Kenya School of Government (KSG) is mandated to provide training consultancy, research, and advisory services designed to promote development at National and County levels in collaboration with the public-private sectors and development partners (Act No.9 2012).
On 1st November 2019, the KSG Council resolution was made to establish the Centre for Climate Change and mitigation in the School. The main objective of the center is to strengthen the capacity of public service private sector and civil society organizations locally, nationally as well as regionally on effective implementation of Climate change and Environment related programs and enable effective adaptation to climate change.
The Centre shall also spearhead and coordinate all climate change-related programs undertaken within the school.
The Unit will coordinate all training and capacity development programs related to environment and climate change undertaken by the School at county national and regional levels. These will include:
- Curriculum Development
- Development of environmental certification programs (ISO).
- Development and revision of relevant curriculum on Environment and Climate change.
- Develop relevant training materials such as training manuals guidelines participant’s manuals, Case studies, and simulations, etc.
- Develop a database of experts on environment and climate change to facilitate training.
- Actual Training
- Conducting training of trainers (ToT).
- Develop and offer e-learning programs on environment and climate change in collaboration with the School’s e-Learning and Development Institute (eLDi).
- Sustainable environment and climate governance.
- Community outreach programs.
- Environmental Certification programs.
- Natural resource monitoring and mapping through the application of Geographic Information Systems/Remote Sensing in techniques.
- Development of methodologies for national forest carbon accounting and modeling.
- Training on sustainable management of the environment and natural resources.
- Capacity building on Environmental and Social Safeguards. Including Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Environmental Audits (EA) Strategic Environmental/Impact Assessment (SEA) Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) etc.
The Unit will jointly coordinate with the Centre for Research and Advisory Services at the School research activities related to environment and climate change undertaken by the school. These include:
- Conduct training needs assessments within and outside government institutions.
- Climate change monitoring programs.
- Climate change manifestations.
- Monitoring and reporting on the impacts of climate change.
- Climate response strategies and programs.
- Climate governance including policy legislations financing and institutional arrangements.
- Dissemination of climate change to the public civil society and non-state actors through media briefings documentaries and publications.
The center will develop a Think Tank on Climate Change matters through the mobilization of a multi-disciplinary team of Climate Change experts. The team will, in partnership with relevant institutions provide expert analysis on climate change-related situations and submit recommendations for action on:
- Climate-smart technologies and innovations.
- Intellectual property laws and rights for Climate-smart innovations.
- Climate change policies action plans.
- Sustainable development, environmental, and climate change.
- Environmental governance conservation and restoration programs.
Consultancy services will be offered by the Centre for Climate Change and Mitigation to different stakeholders from both state and non-state actors who lack the capacity and skills to undertake outreach research and document development in the following aspects:
- Conducting Climate Risk Vulnerability Assessments on the vulnerable sector;
- Climate change adaptation mitigation and resilience-building initiatives;
- Capacity building on climate change adaptation and mitigation;
- Operationalization of the Climate Change legislation and other relevant policies;
- Climate adaptation financing at the county and national levels;
- Development and review Climate Change adaptation plans;
- Private corporate and institutional investment in climate-related or vulnerable initiatives such as health water supply disaster management agriculture food security natural resource exploration and management amongst others;
- Monitoring and Evaluation for Climate Change adaptation and mitigation programs;
- Community-based climate risk management initiatives;
- Natural resource monitoring and climate risk assessments;
- Development of climate change adaptation innovations.
- Inventory or stock taking for national forest carbon accounting.
- The hiring of climate change experts for MDAs.
The center for climate change and mitigation will work closely with other Departments, Centers, and Institutes in the School to foster linkages and collaborations with relevant climate change actors at the county national regional and global levels.
This will enhance internal and external partnerships while undertaking collaborative climate change initiatives including capacity building consultancy research and advisory services with:
- Schools of Government and other training institutes in the region on climate and sustainable environmental management.
- Civil Society Organizations (CSOs)
- Government, Ministries Departments, and Agencies (MDAs)
- Entities in key sectors vulnerable to climate risks such as Health, Energy, Agriculture Forestry, Transport Urban planning, Marine and Fisheries
- International bodies and Development Partners interested in climate change matters. For instance, World Bank African Forest Forum (AFF) ACTS, WWF, International RED CROSS, DANIDA, ADA FAO Kenya Climate Innovations African Forestry Forum (AFF), etc.